STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® is a globally standardised, independent testing and certification system for raw, semi-finished and finished textile products at all processing levels, and their accessories. STANDARD 100 certification provides targeted product stewardship support for companies in the textile chain with human-ecological product safety, based on a scientific criteria catalogue and neutral laboratory tests. For consumers and purchasers, the STANDARD 100 product label is reliable proof that textile products are tested in accordance with strict global standards to protect from harmful substances.
Together with STeP by OEKO-TEX® certification for environmentally friendly and socially responsible production facilities, STANDARD 100 forms the basis for granting the MADE IN GREEN by OEKO-TEX® label.
The concept of the STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® tests for harmful substances is based on a modular system. This means that certification is available for every stage of the textile value creation chain, and that certificates from prior stages are recognised at subsequent stages of processing without further testing.
The STANDARD 100 certificate and label are only issued if all components of an article successfully comply with the stipulated criteria, including not only the outer fabric, but also all sewing threads, linings or coatings and prints, as well as accessories such as buttons or zippers.
STANDARD 100 tests for harmful substances are based on the product's intended purpose. The more intensive the skin contact and the more sensitive the skin, the stricter the human-ecological requirements. Accordingly, STANDARD 100 distinguishes between four product classes:
- Product class I:
Textiles and materials for babies and toddlers up to three years old: underwear, rompers, bed linen, bedding, and so on
- Product class II:
Textiles and materials, the surface of which mainly comes into direct contact with the skin: underwear, bedding, towels, shirts, blouses, socks, and so on
- Product class III:
Textiles and materials, the surface of which only comes into direct contact with the skin to a minor extent: jackets, coats, outdoor textiles, and so on
- Product class IV:
Furnishing materials for decorative purposes: table linen, curtains, upholstery fabrics, and so on
With STANDARD 100 certification, you ensure legal conformity of your products in all important consumer markets. At the same time, the STANDARD 100 product label gives you an ideal instrument for marketing your textiles, due to its globally high recognition and prevalence. Last but not least, STANDARD 100 simplifies and accelerates supplier relationships for manufacturers and retailers who want to ensure product safety for their customers.
A STANDARD 100 certificate is valid for 12 months and can be renewed annually. We recommend starting the renewal process up to three months before expiration to ensure continuous product safety and smooth process along the modular OEKO-TEX® system. Many downstream certifications are dependent on pre-certified components from suppliers.
Any manufacturer or reseller of textile materials, finished goods or accessories - from any stage of processing - throughout the textile chain.
The STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® criteria catalogue contains a wide variety of test parameters and is updated annually, based on latest scientific findings, changes to industry initiatives and market developments.
In many cases, the test criteria and limit values go far beyond legal requirements. The inclusion of numerous additional potentially harmful substances strongly reflects the pioneering role that the STANDARD 100 has played for many years now.
The STANDARD 100 laboratory tests for harmful substances include:
- Substances which are prohibited and regulated by law
- Chemicals that are known to be harmful to health but which are not yet regulated by law
- Substances that are believed to be harmful to health
The applicant completes the application form and provides representative product samples for testing.
We create an individual testing plan for your application request, test the provided samples in our labs and send you a detailed test report.
- Declaration of Conformity / Quality Assurance System
If your submitted product samples meet the required STANDARD 100 criteria, you have to sign a declaration of conformity that the products from your current production comply with the tested sample materials. Additionally, you have to provide proof that you have a quality assurance system in place that ensures the human-ecological quality of your products throughout the entire term of the issued certificate.
- On-site audit
During an on-site audit at your premises, our OEKO-TEX® experts will confirm all the certification details. The audit may be either before or shortly after the certification is finished.
We will issue certificate to you which allows you to mark and advertise your products with the STANDARD 100 label.
- A practical tool for your quality assurance.
- Consumer protection with textile products that are safe for human ecology and legally compliant – without expending internal resources.
- The OEKO-TEX® criteria catalogue is applied consistently worldwide and provides standardised requirements for purchasing and delivery, thus simplifying and accelerating the flow of information.
- The modular principle of STANDARD 100 facilitates testing and certification of textile products at every processing stage. Duplicate testing costs are avoided by using certificates from prior stages – even for products with complex structures.
- The greater transparency increases product safety, especially for companies with extremely short production cycles and expensive internal quality assurance systems, and provides significant time-savings.
- As a third-party verified label, STANDARD 100 is a recognised marketing tool for transparently promoting product stewardship efforts.
- Many retailers and brands have Restricted Substances Lists (RSLs) based on STANDARD 100 and accept certification in lieu of additional testing.
- Marketing opportunities in the OEKO-TEX® Buying Guide and external listings such as Texbase CertLink and Foursource.
If you would like to list articles made of organic cotton with claims such as “organic” or “made of organically grown cotton” on your STANDARD 100 certificate, your products must undergo an additional laboratory test to ensure that they do not contain genetically modified organisms (GMO).
GMO screening builds confidence for your customers and consumers by providing independent proof that your organic cotton products actually contain what they claim - genuine organic quality.
The additional check for genetically modified organisms is possible for materials made from 100% organic cotton as well as for blends of organic cotton with other materials. Blends of organic and conventionally grown cotton, however, are not allowed to be tested for GMO.
If requested, GMO screening within the STANDARD 100 certification is of course also available for your articles that are exclusively made of conventionally grown cotton.
- Organic components
All pre-certified main component materials made of cotton must also contain the term “organic” in the scope. Accessories are exempt.
- Certificate of origin
A valid organic origin certificate must be submitted with the application for STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® certificate.
- GMO testing
Negative GMO screening results in addition to the regular testing programme for STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX®.
If you would like to indicate on your STANDARD 100 certificate that your products are made of recycled materials, additional requirements will apply for certification. This is because recycled textiles pose different quality assurance and traceability challenges than virgin material due to their previous life.
A hangtag is available to advertise recycled materials in the STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® certified product. Certificate owners can download a customised version from the myOEKO-TEX® portal.
- At least 20% of the main textile material must be recycled.
- Additional background information about the origin of the materials is required in the application.
- A certificate of origin or validation of any recycled material claim must be submitted by the applicant.
- Since there are no laboratory tests to verify whether a material is recycled or not, the testing programme may differ compared to virgin material. The difference in origin may result in increased testing frequency.
- Recycled material and virgin material cannot be listed together on the same certificate.
- Blends with virgin material are allowed if they are necessary for the production of the material.
The issuing of a STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® certificate is also possible for some products that are not covered by a classic STANDARD 100 certification due to their special functional properties or their composition.
The Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and Materials for PPE supplement to STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® covers certification of (finished goods and components of) protective clothing for firefighters, weatherproof clothing or chemical protection clothing, certain military garments and uniforms comparable to PPE, etc. The exceptions for PPE and PPE materials (e.g. NMP, Pigment Violet 23 and PFOA) relate to the specific requirements of this market segment.
The Special Articles supplement for STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® covers certification of complex products with differing requirements based on construction, technology or conditions of use. It applies only to finished goods/end products, including strollers, suitcases, backpacks, orthopaedic devices, sunshades, tents, curtain kits, beds, some toys, cleaning devices, chairs, couches, etc.
Usually, product certification according to STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® is carried out in accordance with the test criteria and limit values listed in Appendix 4/5 of the standard, which are updated once a year. Especially for companies that have committed themselves to the goals of the Greenpeace Detox campaign, OEKO-TEX® offers an extended criteria catalogue, the requirements of which are summarised in Appendix 6/7.
Appendix 6/7 prescribes stricter limit values for many test parameters and substances that must be complied with in the STANDARD 100 laboratory tests. However, these stricter limit values do not apply for human ecological reasons, but aim to achieve improved environmental performance in the production of textiles in the sense of the Detox campaign.
STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® generally exludes use of active chemical products (ACPs) such as biologically active or flame retardant finishes for certified products. However, with some textiles such as Personal Protective Equipment, the use of ACPs is unavoidable. In this case, ACPs may be used, provided that they are assessed by independent toxicologists as being harmless to human health. Another prerequisite is that the ACPs are strictly used as intended and that they comply with current European legislation.
If new scientific findings come to light which question the safety of a substance with regard to health, OEKO-TEX® reserves the right to remove the ACP in question from its list of accepted products.